Author Archives: michaelasecker

Revised Postglacial Sea-Level Rise and Meltwater Pulses from Barbados

Lay Summary authored by Paul Blanchon. Read the full paper here: https://www.openquaternary.com/articles/10.5334/oq.87/ The precise timing and rate of postglacial sea-level (SL) rise not only provides key insight into the nature of ice sheet disintegration during the last deglacial warming ~15 … Continue reading

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A review of fossil burial laws and preservation studies in Southeast Asian caves

Lay summary authored by Holly Smith. Read the full paper here: http://doi.org/10.5334/oq.75 Caves are critical sites for understanding Quaternary fossil remains around the world. A large percentage of fossil sites from this time period are from caves. It is therefore … Continue reading

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A Review of Ethnographic use of Wooden Spears and Implications for Pleistocene hominin hunting

Lay summary authored by Annemieke Milks (Institute of Archaeology, UCL, London, GB). Read the full paper here: http://doi.org/10.5334/oq.85 In the year 1911 Samuel Hazzledine Warren, an amateur British geologist, made an unprecedented discovery – a wooden artefact from Pleistocene sediments … Continue reading

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People, Shellfish, and Estuaries in Ancient Island and Mainland Southern California

Lay summary authored by Torben Rick (Department of Anthropology, National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC, US). Read the full paper here: http://doi.org/10.5334/oq.86 Archaeologists have long been interested in understanding the relationships between past environmental change and human … Continue reading

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Reconstructing a giant fossil dormouse

Lay summary authored by Jesse Hennekam. Read the full paper here: https://doi.org/10.5334/oq.79 The ‘island effect’ is an evolutionary phenomenon that describes how animals often evolve substantial changes in body size when isolated on islands. More specifically, large mammals become smaller … Continue reading

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Investigating the use of microfossils to reconstruct past sea levels from salt-marsh environments in northern Georgia, USA

Lay summary authored by Huixian Chen. Read the full paper here: http://doi.org/10.5334/oq.80 Changes in sea level vary geographically and with time and in response to a variety of processes. These include the melting of land-based ice from ice sheets (Antarctica … Continue reading

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Chronostratigraphy, Site Formation, and Palaeoenvironmental Context of Late Pleistocene and Holocene Occupations at Grassridge Rock Shelter (Eastern Cape, South Africa)

Lay summary authored by Christopher Ames. Read the full paper here: https://doi.org/10.5334/oq.77 The Grassridge archaeological site is a sandstone rock shelter located in the grassland foothills of the Stormberg Mountains in the Eastern Cape of South Africa. Dr Hermanus Opperman … Continue reading

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DNA from underwater archaeological sites

Lay summary authored by Lisa Briggs. Read the full paper here: http://doi.org/10.5334/oq.71 The methods used to study ancient DNA have progressed rapidly over the last few decades. As more submerged archaeological sites are discovered and explored, it is possible to … Continue reading

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Identifying the Greatest Earthquakes of the Past 2000 Years at the Nehalem River Estuary, Northern Oregon Coast, USA

Lay summary authored by Alan Nelson. Read the full paper here: http://doi.org/10.5334/oq.70 Will the next great earthquake at the Cascadia subduction zone, whose fault dips beneath the coasts of British Columbia, Washington, Oregon, and northern California, be a giant (magnitude … Continue reading

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Rock-boring organisms tell us about sea-level fluctuations in a warmer world

Lay summary authored by Michaela Falkenroth. Find the full paper here: http://doi.org/10.5334/oq.72 The Last Interglacial, 130.000 until 115.000 years ago, was the last time global mean temperatures and global sea-level were higher than today. This has put the period onto … Continue reading

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